Yonematsu Shiono: Tales of people and the objects they treasure – Nambu Tekki
Nambu Tekki Ironware – Kamasada Iron Casting Studio, Morioka City, Iwate Prefecture (Part 1 of 2)
Unassuming exterior offers little hint of the wonders within
In a narrow street in Kon’ya-cho, Morioka City, sits a pretty little Japanese-style white building with a tiled roof and traditional white plaster grills over the windows. A simple navy blue and white noren is stretched above sliding glass-paned doors and the square white sign standing next to the steps reads ‘Kamasada’. The building has the look of a handicraft store – or maybe even a cafe – but this is the home of the cast iron foundry, Kamasada.
First-time visitors to Kamasada might even wonder if they’ve come to the right place. But once they pop their heads through the door they notice the iron trivets and ashtrays set out on a raised tatami display area, and the pots and kettles lined up on the shelves, and know they’ve arrived.
The modern forms of a traditional craft
The ironware industry was introduced during the mid-17th century by craftsmen from Kyōto under the patronage of the local daimyō (feudal lord) and developed in the Nambu region (the area around Morioka City) because there were plentiful supplies of locally extracted iron ore, good sand suited to making the moulds, and good quality charcoal to fire the furnaces that could be easily obtained. Moreover, there were people willing to perfect the craft.
With the abolition of the feudal system at the end of the Edo Period (1603 – 1868), local iron foundries lost the patronage of the wealthy feudal lords and had to compete with each other for customers. Not all foundries withstood the competition; nor did they all withstand the test of time. Those that did, however, are the Nambu Tekki foundries that remain to this day.
A long history and world-renowned reputation can be a double-edged sword for a traditional industry. The general public might assume that the products are more like museum pieces than useful items that are relevant to today’s lifestyles. Traditional artisans have had to overcome this perception in order to be able to move forward, constantly striving to ensure their products remain relevant while retaining the integrity of their tradition.
Kamasada have embraced this issue wholeheartedly for three generations. Their success and the determination of each subsequent head of the family shows in the elegant presentation of this store and the beauty and artistic flare of the wide range of ironware products inside.
Embracing the changing times and an artistic spirit
The Kamasada iron casting studio and showroom were built by first generation owner, Sadakichi Miya, who was born in 1885. Kamasada’s core business is making iron kettles, particularly chagama, the iron kettles used in tea ceremony. In simple terms, the process of making pots and kettles involves pouring molten iron into a mould. Sadakichi employed skilled craftsmen and produced a range of ironware including tea kettles and pots. He passed away in 1931 at the age of forty-six and was succeeded by his son, second generation Shōtarō.
After attending a commercial secondary school, Shōtarō studied at the Sendai Industrial Arts Training Centre. An artist in his own right, he later chose to work as a sculptor, and frequently exhibited his work. Shōtarō studied design in Europe and was also a founding member of the Japan Craft Design Association. This was an unusual path for a craftsman from an iron foundry and quite a step away from the traditional apprenticeship system. Shōtarō continued to refine his skills as a metal craftsman, creating pieces of art and studying design so that he could bring his own interpretation to traditional and classical ironware.
It would be wrong, however, to think that Shōtarō turned his back on conventional foundry work. In fact, he built on the work begun by his father by creating new commercial ironware products with refined forms and he found new avenues for bringing his innovative products to the public. His works of modern design were displayed in the showrooms of Japan’s new department stores, and still remain a popular part of Kamasada’s staple product line.
Kamasada Iron Casting Studio
Access: Kamasada Iron Casting Studio is approximately 2.2 kilometres from Morioka Station, or around 12 minutes by car/taxi. Alternatively, take the Funakoshi Ekimae bus from Morioka Station and get off at the municipal offices, Kencho Shiyakusho-mae. From there it’s a five-minute walk to Kamasada.
Yonematsu Shiono was born in 1947 in Akita Prefecture. He graduated with a degree in applied chemistry from Tokyo University of Science. He travels Japan collecting oral histories from outdoor workers and craftspeople. He is a prolific literary author and has been nominated four times for the Akutagawa Prize. He also writes children’s picture books, and won the Japan Picture Book Award for <em>Natsu no Ike. </em>He was in charge of the structure of the 2009 film, <em>Knut. </em>One of his current projects is recording and compiling oral histories relating to disappearing traditional culture and crafts.
Judy Evans is a high school teacher of English and Japanese, and a Japanese-English translator. She has a Bachelor of Arts in Japanese and Art History and has studied production horticulture and landscape design. Judy has a keen interest in the internet environment and has administered websites for a number of organisations. She lives on a small farm in rural New Zealand and is a frequent visitor to Japan.